The growing demand of electricity with the requirement of latest developments in the grids of power network proposes the need for the creation of smart grids. A smart grid is the integration of information and communication technology with the existing power network making the two way communication possible in the generation, transmission & distribution sectors between the utilities and customers by employing the use of smart devices. This paper presents a vision of smart grid development in India. The road map, highlights and development plans envisaged by the India Smart Grid Task Force for smart grid in India are discussed in the paper.
Every power grid has three functional components generation, transmission & distribution. A smart grid should employ smart control centers, smart transmission network and smart distribution systems. The paper discusses the chronological development in these functional areas. The development is based on the optimal use of natural resources, integration of grids, creating and enhancing smart infrastructure of generation, transmission & distribution technology. This work is an effort to investigate all the developments related to smart grid in reference to India. The developments for creating smart grid in India are multifactorial in nature but major concerns are to electrify rural sector of India which is yet deprived from electrification.
Smart Grid (SG), Smart Metering, Demand side management (DSM), Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Demand Response (DR), short-term load forecasting, CEA (Central Electricity Authority), Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Extra High voltage (EHV), Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS), Intelligent Multi Agent System (IMAS), Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)