Rajasthan is a state of India with severe climatic conditions that result in poor quantity and quality of water in this area. The main source of drinking water in Jaipur district of Rajasthan is open bore wells and closed bore wells. In the present research paper a study is carried out to assess the ground water quality in Jaipur, district, Rajasthan, India using Water Quality Index. For the study, 149 water samples were collected from open bore wells and closed bore wells of 16 different regions of the study area. Physio-chemical parameters selected for study included pH, electrical conductivity, temperature, TDS, total hardness, Cl-, F-, turbidity, BOD and alkalinity. The average water quality parameters in the entire study period are considered for calculating the WQI and from the results obtained, it is inferred that that no sampling location has excellent groundwater quality for consumption. Out of 16 sampling stations, water samples of four of the sampling stations namely Sanganer, Kothputli, Chomu and Shahpura were reported to have water samples which fall in good category. Whereas the water samples of remaining eight stations were not found suitable for drinking because they fall under category poor, very poor and unfit according to WQI. This study will enable the planners to take necessary steps in improving the water quality and extracting groundwater in Jaipur District.
Groundwater quality, Physio-chemical parameters, Jaipur, WQI