India is keen to attempt to work towards a low carbon emission pathway, As per goal set up for Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)
by India, India has to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005. Sustainable green transportation network is one of the measures for achieving this goal. Government of India is undertaking multiple initiatives to promote manufacturing and adoption of electric vehicles in
India. However, in India Electric vehicles (EVs) still have a long way to go for making a significant change. Since, EVs needs charging stations to charge the
batteries, the impact of EVs on power system cannot be ignored. The impact of EV charging will be felt first at local hotspots on distribution grids before the
other levels i.e. generation, transmission and grid are affected. The effect of load of charging of EVs will be more visible on power system when there is a
significant number of electrical vehicle being used by the citizens/people. This papers gives a perspective and insight into that how Smart charging & EV
management Solutions may bring various benefits to Network operators and Electric Vehicle owners. As the number of Electric Vehicle grows, the
implementation of smart charging will allow EV drivers to charge reliably and economically and will also increase the hosting capacity of EVs in
distribution network with reduced/delayed network augmentation. As the EV load penetration increases, smart Charging of EVs may also form EV loads to be managed in flexible manner, i.e their charging times can be coordinated with renewable energy generation.
The widespread adoption of EVs and their evolving technologies also allows for envisioning a future in which EVs can feed electricity back into the grid,
known as vehicle to- grid (V2G) integration. EV as flexible load and V2G technologies require aggregating large numbers of individual EV loads which could be seen as a large source of generation or load providing ancillary services such as spinning and reserve.
However, the significant number of EVs used by the citizens/people is the essential parameters for all the measures mentioned in the paper.
Electric vehicles, Distribution Network, Smart Charging, EV management solutions