In additive manufacturing, fused deposition modeling is the most extensively utilized technology. It is the technique of building a three-dimensional object by depositing material in successive layers of a controlled environment. The limited choice of materials and the reality that FDM components are more often used as a presentation or conceptual parts rather than functioning parts are the main disadvantages of using fused deposition modeling (FDM) in industrial applications. Scientists have recently explored many approaches for broadening the range of materials that may be used in the FDM process, resulting in an increase in the employment of FDM in a variety of manufacturing industries. This is a comprehensive review of the literature on the subject of FDM with the goal of recommending future research directions aimed at boosting industry recognition of FDM printed components. The significance of reviewing the current research on this topic, not just to distinguish practical and useful aspects, key process parameters, and constrictions, but also to determine the extent wherein the results of these studies are useful and can be implemented in the future research and real-world applications.