In India, accreditation of various technical degree and diploma Programs is done by National Board of Accreditation (NBA). NBA defines Program Outcomes (POs) as, “Program outcomes are narrower statements that describe what students are expected to know, and be able to do by the time of graduation. These relate to the skills, knowledge and behaviours that students acquire during the Program.” NBA prescribes twelve (12) POs to be achieved by all B.Tech. Degree graduates. POs 1 to 5 usually match directly with courses prescribed by various institutions and universities. However, POs 6 to 12 related to “The Engineer and Society, Environment and Sustainability, Ethics, Individual and Team Work, Communication, Project Management and Finance, Life-long Learning” respectively, usually do not match directly with the courses prescribed. This paper translates these POs to Course Outcomes (COs), so that these COs can be achieved by using these or similar COs in some of the prescribed courses; thus achieving these POs by the end of the Program. If there are some gaps, these can be filled by ‘beyond curriculum’ inputs and activities and extra and co-curricular activities by the institutions.
Universities and institutions revising their programs are expected to take into consideration, achievement of these POs by graduates from various B.Tech. degree Programs. Most of the examples considered in this paper are generic in nature and will be applicable for all engineering degree Programs.
Accreditation, Course Outcomes (COs), National Board of Accreditation, Program Outcomes (POs)